The Differences Between Proof, Brilliant Uncirculated, and Bullion Coins


The Differences Between Proof, Brilliant Uncirculated, and Bullion Coins


At The Royal Mint, commemorative coins are produced with three distinct finishes: Bullion, Brilliant Uncirculated, and Proof. Each type showcases varying levels of craftsmanship and quality. Here’s a detailed look at their unique characteristics.

Bullion Coins

Focus: Efficient mass production.
Craftsmanship: Basic, with emphasis on functionality and value for investors.
Production: Struck once, up to 250 coins per hour.

Brilliant Uncirculated Coins

Focus: Higher quality than Bullion.
Craftsmanship: Enhanced through polishing and handling for a higher luster.
Production: Struck twice, meticulously checked, around 100 coins per hour.

Proof Coins

Focus: Ultimate quality and craftsmanship.
Craftsmanship: Multiple stages of tooling and striking, hand-finished dies for a mirror-like surface.
Production: Several hours per coin, around 50 coins per hour.


Understanding the differences between Bullion, Brilliant Uncirculated, and Proof coins helps collectors and investors make informed decisions. Each finish offers unique levels of quality and craftsmanship, catering to diverse preferences and priorities.

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